Understanding Bipolar Disorder & What are Common Antidepressants for Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder is a severe mental health illness that directly damages the person’s normal mood and behavior. Either he/she feels extremely strong/happy or sad. If left untreated, the patient can cause harm to himself or his/her family. It is critical to contact the doctor instantly after noticing the weird change in his/her condition. In this article, we will analyze what bipolar disorder is, various treatments for bipolar disorder patients, and common antidepressants for bipolar disorder.

Bipolar Disorder: What is it?

Bipolar disorder is a disease associated with the brain that seriously changes the patient’s behavior, thinking, and perception. Anyone suffering from bipolar disorder experiences extreme emotional shifts which can last for days, weeks, or months known as mood episodes anti depression medicine.

It is classified into three types: one is Manic (very happy or powerful). The other one is depression (extremely sad) and feeling emotionless (loss of emotions or interest) is also another typical state that people suffer from. People with bipolar illness who get effective treatment may enjoy satisfying and fruitful lives.

Even those who don’t suffer from bipolar disorder occasionally feel their emotions swing dramatically. Yet these shifts in temperament rarely last more than a few hours at most, rather than even a few hours.

Mood episodes in persons with bipolar illness are characterized by a wide range of symptoms, including but not limited to changes in behavior and difficulties with carrying out everyday tasks and interacting socially anti depression medicine. Disturbances in interpersonal relationships and difficulties maintaining employment or attendance at school are all possible outcomes of bipolar disorder.

There are three different forms of what is known as bipolar disorder: manic depressive illness, hypomanic depressive illness, and cyclothymic disorder.

People with bipolar disorder also have a close relative who suffers from bipolar disorder or depression. Sensitive individuals are more likely to experience mood episodes when exposed to environmental stressors like insomnia or substance abuse.

Although the precise neurobiological origins of bipolar disorder remain unknown, it is believed that a chemical imbalance in the brain contributes to the disorder by causing dysregulated brain activity. On average, the first symptoms appear between the ages of 25 and 30.

Common co-occurring mental health disorders among those with bipolar I include anxiety, substance abuse, and ADHD. Someone having bipolar I illness is at a far greater risk of suicide than the overall population.

What is the Most Commonly Prescribed Antidepressant?

Anti Depression Pills Names

  • Lithium.

The use of lithium as a potential therapy in psychiatry dates back many decades. Current research demonstrates that lithium is among the common antidepressants for bipolar disorder and beneficial for mood disorders.

Currently, lithium is the gold standard medication for preventing future manic and depressive episodes in people with bipolar illness. Although the specific mechanism by which lithium helps those with bipolar illness is unknown, it is clear that this anti depression medicine is particularly beneficial in this regard.  Moreover, it has been demonstrated to lessen suicide attempts and deaths among those with bipolar illness.

  • Anticonvulsants.

It is common practice to treat bipolar disorder using anticonvulsants, often known as anti depression drugs. They are a category of medications originally developed to mitigate the effects of epilepsy, but they have now been shown to be effective in treating mood disorders as well.

Among the most often prescribed anticonvulsants for the treatment of manic-depressive episodes in those diagnosed with bipolar disorder are Depakene, Depakote, Lamictal, and Tegretol.

Both Depakene and Depakote are effective because they increase GABA levels in the brain. As a result of its sedative effects on the brain’s central nervous system, GABA may help alleviate some of the distressing signs and symptoms of bipolar illness.

When coupled with lithium, Depakote has been demonstrated to be beneficial in reducing manic and depressive episodes in patients with bipolar disorder. People with bipolar disorder, who are prone to severe shifts in mood, often utilize it.

  • Antidepressants.

People with bipolar illness may be administered antidepressants to help with the symptoms of depressive episodes, however, the medication’s effectiveness is up for discussion. 

Without concurrent use of a mood stabilizer, antidepressants have been linked to an increase in mood cycling and a heightened risk of mania and hypomania. 

They may also contribute to an increase in suicide ideation, especially among the young. If you’re considering new types of antidepressants as a treatment for your bipolar illness, it’s important to discuss the pros and cons with your doctor.

  • Antipsychotics.

These types of medicines are prescribed by doctors when the patient has delusions or hallucinations while also having a different perspective to experience and view things anti depression medicine.

Antipsychotic meds in combination with mood stabilizers prevent psychotic symptoms like extreme anger, bipolar disorder, and personality disorder and help you to take better control of your life.

Common antipsychotic meds include:

  • Aripiprazole
  • Risperidone
  • Olanzapine
  • Asenapine
  • Clozapine
  • Quetiapine

What causes bipolar disorder?

However, scientists do think that there is a role in genetics. More than two-thirds of persons who have bipolar disorder have at least one close biological family who also has the disease. This makes bipolar disorder one of the mental disorders that are believed to be among the most heritable.

However, just because a biological family of yours struggles with bipolar illness does not guarantee that you will automatically have the condition as well.

In addition to these elements, researchers believe that the following also have a role in the development of bipolar disorder:

  • Changes in your brain: Researchers have shown that persons with bipolar illness have subtly different patterns of activation or the average size of certain brain areas than those without the disease. Brain scans, on the other hand, are unable to identify the illness.
  • Environmental factors: such as traumatic experiences and stressful situations. An episode of mania or depression may be triggered by a stressful life event, such as the loss of a loved one, a significant illness, the dissolution of a marriage, or issues with one’s finances. 

As a consequence of this, stress and traumatic experiences could possibly play a part in the genesis of bipolar illness. Scientists are now doing studies to establish the link that these variables have in bipolar disorder. How they may assist prevent the emergence of the illness, and what role they may play in the treatment of the disorder if they are shown to be a contributing factor.

Among the new types of Antidepressants known as Zuranolone tested by Biogen can reduce the symptoms more quickly than traditional medicines.

What information does my doctor require from me?

Types of Antidepressants

Your doctor may need to consider the following when deciding which anti depression medicine to prescribe:

  • The signs and symptoms you’re experiencing right now. A good example would be if you’re in the midst of a manic, hypomanic, depressed, or mixed episode.
  • The symptoms you’ve had in the past. For instance, the kind and duration of your mood swings.
  • You’re past reactions to treatments.
  • Potential for recurrence. It’s possible to look at prior episodes as examples of this.
  • To do with your body’s wellness. Especially if you have any kind of metabolic disorder, high blood sugar, or renal disease.
  • Percentage of time you are likely to keep to a prescribed drug schedule.
  • How old you are and your gender. 
  • A cognitive evaluation of elderly people through the dementia diagnostic test.

Other Medical Treatments For Bipolar Disorder.

The psychiatrist will advise the following treatments depending on the intensity of the disease.

  • Electroconvulsive therapy. 

This treatment includes a surge of electrical charges to your brain through the scalp.  It is done in case the patient suffers from extreme depression. ECT is the best and most effective treatment for life-threatening mania and depression during pregnancy. While you’re undergoing the ECT, you will be on anesthesia. This means you won’t any kind of pain as you will be unconscious.

  • Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation. 

In TMS, a small electromagnetic coil is used to provide a small electric current to the brain. Depression that does not respond to standard drug treatments is occasionally treated using this method. This is an alternative to electroconvulsive therapy. It is not necessary to use general anesthesia for TMS since the procedure is painless.

  • Thyroid medicines.

Mood-stabilizing effects of thyroid medicines report. Rapid-cycling, treatment-resistant bipolar illness patients treated with AFAB have shown symptom improvement.

  • Therapy with ketamine. 

An anesthetic given through an IV in low dosages has shown to have short-term antidepressant and antisuicidal benefits for patients with bipolar illness.

  • Involuntary hospitalization. 

It is the last resort for treating bipolar illness. When someone is undergoing a severely depressed or manic episode and poses an urgent danger to himself or others, this intervention may be essential.

Conclusion.

Bipolar disorder is a lasting disease but it can be controlled with the help of various anti depression meds recommended by doctors. Often some patients have returning symptoms of this disease after several years or months. 

Doctors identify the symptoms and change your medicine according to the severity of the bipolar disorder and recommend a regular checkup in 1 to 3 months timeline. The doctor prescribes common antidepressants for bipolar disorder including lithium and mood stabilizers. Which are known as the best medication and help you manage the symptoms so that you can live a happy and satisfying life anti depression medicine.

Also Read: What You Need To Know About Common Antidepressants for Bipolar Disorder in 2023

Leave a comment